浚县推进“三变改革五大合作”激发乡村振兴体制活力侧记

[鹤壁新闻网 - 合肥荣媒体记者王丽英] 7月5日,记者来到蓟县白寺乡白寺村接受采访。黑暗的柏油路,干净整洁的人行道,种植在道路两侧的绿化带。各种树木,或看到几个老人或带孩子的女人在门口聊天,整个村庄都很漂亮,干净,整洁,安静。

鹤壁市恒乐农业发展有限公司果蔬种植基地充满活力。来自郑州的几名大学生和几十名村民正在为猕猴桃捆绑绳索。

这个看似平静的普通村庄几天前发生了一件大事。 7月2日,祁县第一个三改改造试验村白石村举行了五大股份合作社的成立和揭牌仪式,标志着“三大改革三强”农村振兴试点工程的启动Pix县重大合作。

一块石头激起千波。县政府和县政府以白寺乡白寺村为试点,推进了三大改革的五大改革。它一度成为干部群众关注的话题。

开展“三大改革,五大合作”,迎接人民对美好生活的新期待

什么是“三大改革和五大合作”?

所谓的三变革,即资源变化资产,资本变化股票和农民改变股东改革。资源变动资产是指利用集体土地,森林,草原,荒山,滩涂,水域等自然资源资产的村集体,房屋,建设用地(物资),基础设施等的使用权。运营资产,折现资产转换为资产。公司以合同或协议的形式,以资本形式投资于企业,合作社,家庭农场等企业单位(以下简称商业实体),享有股权。变更资金的股票包括财务基金,股票基金,村集体基金和股东基金。农民改变股东意味着农民通过投资或持股,投资商业实体的股份,自愿使用自己的耕地,林地的合同管理权,宅基地的使用权,资金(材料),技术等。享受股权。

所谓五大合作是实行农村集体产权制度改革,建立集体资产分享合作社;开展土地承包“三权分工”,设立土地股份合作社;开展全职就业村建设,建立劳动合作社;开展乡村旅游,建立旅游股份合作社;开展农村金融体制改革和精准扶贫,建立股份合作社。

从36年前的家庭承包制度,到近年来集中流通的土地,适度规模经营,现在推动三大变革,建立五大合作组织。村民是否支持?天会变得更好吗?最有发言权的是村民自己。

77岁的严坦堂是白寺村的一名村民,占地5.6亩。今年春天,他将家乡的土地转让给鹤壁市恒乐农业发展有限公司,每亩租金700元,年收入近4000元。他的儿子严秀峰在公司工作,每天收入150元。

谈到村里正在实施的三项改革,他说:“从吃大锅到制作团队,分别种植,然后走到现在,生活每天都在变强。现在有些人说合作社仍然可以支付股息。这种好事仍然是我第一次听到它。“

记者在采访中了解到,仍然有很多村民和严坦堂有同样的感受。在他们看来,只要生活可以更好,目前的改革值得一试和争取。

以白寺村为试点,展示了县内三次改革的道路

In 2018, Jixian County was identified as a demonstration county for rural revitalization in Henan Province. In order to better play the role of demonstration, since last year, the county has set a staged goal of making important progress, institutional framework and policy system to promote rural revitalization by 2020, and established the county party secretary Zheng Hui and the county magistrate Liu Qing as The leader of the rural revitalization leading group organized all the townships (streets) and county-related units in the county to take the rural settlements as a breakthrough, and started the first revitalization of the countryside. In December 2018, the county successfully passed the provincial-level acceptance inspection of the rural domestic waste control project, and was awarded the title of provincial-level Dabiao County by the provincial joint meeting of the garbage disposal work of Henan Province.

The rehabilitation of the living environment requires investment, and many village collectives have no income. Where does the money come from? It is not a long-term solution to strive for higher-level funds and self-raising by the masses. It is necessary to transform blood transfusion into hematopoiesis in order to promote the endogenous motivation of rural development.

How to strengthen the village collective economy, increase the income of farmers, and change the status quo of some farmers to subcontract the land to work? The county party committee and county government of Qixian County have been exploring the path of reform of the collective property rights system. They have tried to promote the resources of the three major reforms, the transformation of resources into assets, the transformation of funds into funds, and the transformation of farmers into shareholders, effectively making the sleeping resources alive. There are more channels for scattered funds to gather together and increase revenue.

At the end of May this year, the county hired Professor Lu Shuisheng, who has long been engaged in rural economic theory and policy research and is currently a consultant of the Jiangsu Provincial Government Research Office. On the basis of full investigation, Baisi Village was used as a pilot to launch “resources and assets, capital changes”. "Three shares of reform, five major cooperation" with the core contents and the establishment of "collective assets and shares cooperatives, land stock cooperatives, labor stock cooperatives, tourism stock cooperatives, and property stock cooperatives" Work, and strive to solve the long-term existence and troubles of the "three rural" development, such as "the land is not scattered, the labor is idle, the money is not worth the money, the house is vacant, the natural scenery is not worth the money, the collective empty shell has no money" The problem.

xx持续激活农村发展潜能和活力,浚县县委,县政府在充分调研全县各村村情的基础上,将白寺村作为乡村振兴的试点,并聘请了全国知名“三农”专家卢水生现场指导

为确保体制改革工作顺利推进,浚县县委,县政府成立了试点村“三变改革,五大合作”领导小组,明确2名副县级领导牵头,14个部门和5名优秀年轻干部跟踪服务白寺村的改革工作,相关部门结合实际逐项制订支持改革的工作方案,明确具体任务,支持措施和时间表,路线图,确保政策,项目成熟一个落实一个,为改革顺利推进提供了有力保障。

群众主体作用充分发挥,从提出改革申请到五大合作社挂牌仅用20余天时间

5月28日,参加全县乡村振兴第二期培训的白寺村党总支书记靳光国怎么也没想到,当天上午听课的内容会在自己村里变成现实。

当天上午为他们授课的是卢水生教授。在卢水生教授的讲座中,靳光国第一次听到了推进三变改革的有效途径,那就是实施五大合作。

回村的路上,他内心久久不能平静,跟同去听课的村“两委”干部商议在自己村里实行三变改革的可行性。让他没想到的是,当天下午,县委政府主要领导就陪同卢水生教授到白寺村调研实施三变改革的可行性。

“卢教授详细了解了我们村的村情村貌后说,我们村有山有水有文化,属于一类资源,可以搞乡村生态文化游,加上我们村4000多人仍从事农业劳动,在村里成立劳务股份合作社的可行性也很大,总之,我们村推行三变改革具有得天独厚的优势。”靳光国告诉记者,听了卢水生教授的分析,村‘两委’干部打消了顾虑,坚定了率先在全县开展三变改革的决心。

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白思村“两委”的成员都说他们会做这项工作。第二天,他们聚集了村组长,党员和村代表收集意见和建议,然后成立改革领导小组提出改革建议。开展核资产的生产,明确人员身份,推荐股东代表和董事,监事候选人.

7月2日,五大股份合作社落成典礼。

从提交申请到成立揭幕,包括116名股东代表的决定,1,513 7025人的股权登记,1,1724.4股权的确认等,仅花了20多个天。

“当Baisi村被确定为三变异改革试点村时,它就是'三峡'的价值。白寺村党总支和村两委两个委员会组织村民小麦收割,在田间巡逻,组织村组长遵守规定,规定村民的身份。由租户承担,并且必须在回访后将信息输入计算机。这是一个不停的。作为百思村三改革试点工作组的成员,中共县委书记李子玉提到了百思村干部群众的精神,不禁感叹。

总职责:陈虹