【可可托海鸟类科普】金雕

Golden Eagle (Eagle is a raptor)

Aquila chrysaetos

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The golden eagle is a well-known raptor in the northern hemisphere. The golden eagle is famous for its outstanding appearance and agile and powerful flight; the bird's wingspan averages more than 2 meters, the body length is up to 1 meter, and all of its legs are covered with feathers.

Generally living in mountainous or hilly areas, especially the cliffs of the valley and nesting in the convex part of the mountain wall. It inhabits alpine grasslands, deserts, river valleys and forests. In winter, it often moves to mountainous hills and foothills. The highest altitude can reach more than 4,000 meters. Feed on large and medium-sized birds and beasts. It is distributed in the temperate zone, sub-frigid zone and frigid zone of the northern hemisphere.

The Kazakh nationality has a tradition of golden eagle hunting. The golden eagle is very fierce, and the golden eagle has a life span of 30 years. Training golden eagle is also very dangerous, so it is a very glorious thing to say that the Kazakh nation would have been able to tame the golden eagle. The golden eagle hunting ability is very strong. If tamed, the golden eagle can hunt sheep, rabbits and other animals.

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xx形态特征金鹰是一种大型猛禽。总长度为76-102厘米,翼展为2.3米,重量为2-6.5千克。头部是深褐色,头部到颈部后部的尖端很长,呈柳状。羽毛底部为深红棕色,羽毛末端为金黄色,深棕色羽毛。上身为深棕色,肩部较轻,后肩略带紫色;尾巴上覆盖着浅棕色,尖端是深褐色,尾羽是灰褐色,有不规则的深灰褐色或斑纹,还有宽阔的黑色。发现了棕色斑点;翅膀上覆盖着深红褐色的羽毛,较浅的羽毛,浅红棕色,主要飞羽深褐色,内部主要羽毛,内部基部灰色,白色,污迹暗褐色横条纹或标记;次要飞行羽毛深褐色,基部有灰白色斑纹,深棕色耳朵。下痰,喉咙和前颈部为深褐色,羽毛基部为白色;胸部和腹部也是深褐色,羽毛轴较轻,覆盖腿部羽毛,尾羽覆盖羽毛和羽毛下的翅膀羽毛和羽毛是深褐色,覆盖着腿部羽毛红色垂直条纹。

居住环境金鹰生活在草原,沙漠,河谷,尤其是高海拔针叶林。冬季也常用于山地丘陵和山麓平原,海拔高达4000米。在白天和开放区域,常见于高山和岩石峭壁。在高大的树上休息或在荒山,墓地,灌木等地捕食。

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海狸,土拨鼠,野兔等有时会吃小型哺乳动物,如老鼠。

经过训练,金鹰可以在草原上长距离追逐狼。当狼筋疲力尽时,一只爪子抓住脖子,一只爪子抓住他的眼睛,这样狼就无法抗拒。曾经有一只金鹰。我已经捕获了14只狼的记录。相比之下,它的承载能力差,承载能力小于1千克。捕捉大型猎物时,将其肢解在地上,首先吃掉肉和心脏,肝脏,肺等的内脏部分,然后将其余部分分成两半,分批将它们带回居住地。

金鹰的腿都被羽毛覆盖,脚是三趾向前,一个脚趾朝向后方,脚趾是厚而有角的爪子,内脚趾和后脚趾的爪子更锋利。当猎物被捕获时,它的爪子可以在锋利的边缘同时穿透猎物的重要部分,撕裂肉体,撕裂血管,甚至打破猎物的颈部。巨大的翅膀也是它的强大武器之一,有时翼扇会通过,猎物可以被击倒在地。

哈萨克斯坦训练有素的金鹰除了最大限度地利用狩猎外,还必须保护羊圈。他们在新疆哈萨克斯坦的草原上驾驶野狼。在观看护理圈时,周围没有牧羊人。

保护状况包含在《世界自然保护联盟》(IUCN)2013濒危物种红色名录3.1版低风险(LC)中。列于《华盛顿公约》附录III濒临灭绝的鸟类;列入中国国家一级重点保护动物;包含在《中国濒危动物红皮书鸟类》脆弱物种中。

提供的信息:Cocoto海景区官方网站

杨杰